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Pantheon and All Saints

The year 609 is an important in the history of the Feast of All Saints, for it is ever connected with the re-dedication of the Pantheon in Rome as a Christian Church—the first example of an old pagan temple in Rome being repurposed for Christian worship. Many are unaware of the rich political and religious history that is behind the dedication of this building and the institution of the universal feast that would become so formative in the Christian west (and which would morph into the celebration of Halloween in the modern times). In this article, we will focus on the political background of the era and the events that culminated in the granting of the Roman Pantheon to the Catholic Church in the year...


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Argument for the Infallibility of Canonizations

The canonization of Pope Paul VI on October 14, 2018 has thrown traditional Catholics into a maelstrom of anxiety. Indeed, the very notion that the pontiff ultimately responsible for the destruction of the traditional Catholic liturgy and the chaos of the post-conciliar period could be raised to the altars of sainthood is a very hard pill for traditionalists to swallow. The exaltation of Pope Paul VI to sainthood for the veneration of the universal Church runs counter to the deeply held beliefs of traditional Catholics that the pontificate of this man was one of the most destructive in history. 


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St. Bridget: The Punishment of Lustful, Immoral Priests

St. Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373) was a medieval mystic and founder of the Bridgettines. Besides being the most celebrated saint to come out of Sweden, St. Bridget's writings had a profound effect on late medieval piety, so much so that she is considered one of the patron saints of Europe. St. Bridget's most famous work is her Celestial Revelations, a series of visions of Christ, Mary and the angels received by St. Bridget and transcribed into Latin by one Mathias, canon of Linköping, and her confessor, Peter Olafsson. In this article, we provide the entirety of Chapters 47-49 of Book I, in which Christ narrates to St. Bridget the offense caused by lustful, prideful priests and details their punishments. Christ's words are especially poignant in...


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Excavations at Tel Eton

While there exists ample archaeological remains from the Israelite period of the divided monarchy (930-587 BC), unambiguous, definitive evidence of the united monarchy has been more difficult to come by. The period of the united monarchy encompasses the reigns of three kings, Saul, David, and Solomon, from around 1052 to 931 BC. There has been a lot of debate in the archaeological community over whether there was ever a united monarchy; perhaps, it is argued, the unified kingdom of David and Solomon is a national fable. While direct archaeological or epigraphic evidence of David and Solomon from the period of the united monarchy has yet to be discovered, recent excavations in the Judean highlands that point to the presence of a large, centralized Israelite power...


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Bl. Pino Puglisi

October 21 is the commemoration of Blessed Giuseppe "Pino" Puglisi, an Sicilian martyr murdered murdered by the Mafia in 1993 for his opposition to their criminal activities. His last words when confronted by his Mafia assassins were, "I've been expecting you." Pino was a priest in the rough Palermo neighborhood of Brancaccio. He openly challenged the Mafia who controlled the neighborhood, and was subsequently killed by them on his 56th birthday. His life story has been retold in a book, Pino Puglisi, il prete che fece tremare la mafia con un sorriso (2013), and portrayed in a film, In the Sunlight (2005).Ordination to the PriesthoodGiuseppe "Pino" Puglisi was born in Brancaccio, a working-class neighborhood in Palermo (Sicily), into a family of modest means. His father...


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That the seat of Peter might not be dishonored by the occupancy of two bishops

Papal resignations, though rare, are by no means unprecedented in the history of the Catholic Church. Gregory XII resigned the papacy in 1415 to end the Great Western Schism, and St. Celestine V famously resigned in 1294 after only five months on the Chair of St. Peter, choosing instead the life of a hermit. What is absolutely novel, however, is the concept of the papal resignee somehow retaining the papal designation after his abdication, as Pope Benedict XVI did when upon his resignation chose to retain his papal name of "Benedict", continue to be called "pope", continue wearing the white papal cassock, and to continue residence in the Vatican. This was an extraordinary step, as previous popes who had resigned also resigned any titles or...


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Scientists Executed by the Catholic Church

The relationship between scientific inquiry and Catholic orthodoxy is hotly disputed in the contemporary world. The Catholic position affirms that there can be no true disharmony between scientific and religious truth, since all truth comes from the one God. There is no true hostility between religion and science, properly understood. On the other hand, others say that Catholic orthodoxy is intrinsically hostile to scientific inquiry, and that fidelity to the Catholicism actually necessitates the repression of scientific truth. This brings us to the myth of the Catholic Church's repression of scientific activities, specifically with regard to the Church's alleged persecution of scientists merely for their scientific theories. In this essay, we will study the lives of ten scientists who somehow came into conflict with the...


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Arad Ostraca and Composition of the Old Testament

For the past hundred years, scholarship of the Old Testament has been dominated by Documentary Hypothesis. One of the central assertions of the Documentary Hypothesis is that the bulk of the Old Testament was composed during or after the Babylonian Exile. Implied is that the stories of pre-Exilic Israel are more of a national mythology than a real history - that the tales of Moses, Samuel, David, etc. were essentially unhistorical, created after the Babylonian Captivity as a means of affirming national identity. The conventional wisdom, according to the Documentary Hypothesis, is that pre-Exilic Israel was polytheistic and largely illiterate, incapable of producing such exceptional literary works as the Book of Genesis or the Psalms. Essentially, their entire literary culture was absorbed from the culture...


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Passing on the Cost

One of the centerpieces of President Donald Trump's economic policy was the promise to enact protective tariffs on imports to dampen the influence of foreign competition on American sales. While to date the Trump administration has not released an official rate of the proposed tariff, White House Press Secretary has thrown out the tentative number of 20%, not as a concrete proposal, but as an example of what was possible. This has led to widespread speculation on how such tariffs could affect the American consumer, either beneficially or adversely. In this article, we explore one of the economic assumptions behind some of the opposition to protective tariffs, specifically with regards to the concept of "passing cost on" to the customer.


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Organ Postludes

"The traditionally appropriate musical instrument of the Church is the organ, which, by reason of its extraordinary grandeur and majesty, has been considered a worthy adjunct to the Liturgy, whether for accompanying the chant or, when the choir is silent, for playing harmonious music at the prescribed times … Let our churches resound with organ-music that gives expression to the majesty of the edifice and breathes the sacredness of the religious rites; in this way will the art both of those who build the organs and of those who play them flourish afresh and render effective service to the sacred liturgy." — Pius XI, Divini Cultus (1928).


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History of the Catholic Church

  • Pantheon and All Saints

    The year 609 is an important in the history of the Feast of All Saints, for it is ever connected with the re-dedication of the Pantheon in Rome as a Christian Church—the first example of an old pagan temple in Rome being repurposed for Christian worship. Many are unaware of the rich political and re…

    Read more: Pantheon and...

Theology & Liturgy

Catholic Spirituality

Saints, Reviews & More!

  • Paul: Apostle of Christ (2018)

    Paul: Apostle of Christ was one of the most anticipated Christian films since The Passion of the Christ. Directed by Andrew Hyatt and starring Jim Caviezel in the role of St. Luke the Apostle, Paul: Apostle of Christ tells the story of the last days of St. Paul in the Mamertine prison and the compos…

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Economy & Society

  • Passing on the Cost

    One of the centerpieces of President Donald Trump's economic policy was the promise to enact protective tariffs on imports to dampen the influence of foreign competition on American sales. While to date the Trump administration has not released an official rate of the proposed tariff, White House Pr…

    Read more: Passing on...