The Solemn Enthronement of Evolution

While it is an established point of our faith that the Church ca...
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Papal Infallibility and the Case of Pope Vigilius

The Fifth Ecumenical Council of the Church (Constantinople II) m...
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Jews Praise Pius XII

One of the best answers to those antagonists of the Church who c...
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Papal Coins of the Renaissance and Baroque

For most of Church history, the popes were not only the successo...
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Revisiting Dictatus Papae

During the Investiture Conflict over the rights and prerogatives...
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Death Penalty & Retributive Justice

The key point at the heart of every debate on capital punishment...
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Canonization in the Early Church

The modern method of canonization used by the Magisterium has pr...
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Innocent III: Ten Reasons Men Should Not Marry

Just before he became Pope Innocent III in 1198, Cardinal Lothar...
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Non ambigimus of Benedict XIV

In order to strengthen our re...
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The Lost Legacy of John XXIII

Mainstream historiography, whether Catholic or secular, has been...
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"Sign of Discord": Two Bishops in the Seat of Peter

Papal resignations, though rare, are by no means unprecedented i...
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Gregory the Great and the Reform of Penance

The term "Gregorian Reform" i...
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Propriae auctoritates apostolicae sedis

The 11th century was an extremely fruitful time for debate and t...
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